The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north
across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

The most popular of which are known as Arnis/Eskrima/Kali

Eskrima
Eskrima, Arnis and Kali refer to a class of Filipino martial arts that emphasize weapon-based fighting with sticks, blades and improvised weapons.
Although training starts with weapons, empty hand techniques, trapping and limb destruction are also core parts of these arts as the weapon is...

The intrinsic need for self-preservation was the genesis of these systems. Throughout the ages, invaders and evolving local conflict imposed
new dynamics for combat in the islands now making up the Philippines. The Filipino people developed battle skills as a direct result of an
appreciation of their ever-changing circumstances. They learned often out of necessity how to prioritize, allocate and utilize common resources
in combative situations. Filipinos have been heavily influenced by the phenomenon of cultural and linguistic mixture. Some of the specific
mechanisms responsible for cultural and martial change extended from phenomena such as war, political and social systems, technology, trade
and of course, simple practicality.

Filipino martial arts have seen an increase in prominence due to several Hollywood movies and the teachings of modern masters such as


The oldest martial arts in the Philippines
Philippines

The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north
across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...were those practiced by the indigenous peoples. They were
in contact with the aborigines of Taiwan

Borneo
Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located north of Australia, at the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia.
Administratively, the island is divided among three countries: Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. Approximately 73% of the island is Indonesian
territory which is evident from oral legends and similarities between their fighting styles. The native tribes focused on combat with swords,
shields, spears, knives, sticks, and bows and arrows, while practicing unarmed combat forms like dumog

Dumog

Dumog is the Filipino style of wrestling while standing upright and refers to the grappling aspect of Filipino martial arts. The word dumog is most
commonly-used in Mindanao and the Visayas, while the word buno is used in Luzon, specifically in the Southern Tagalog-speaking provinces as
far south (wrestling). Some of these ancient Filipino martial arts still exist in tribal regions but others have either gone extinct or are very rare.
Armed training took precedence over empty-handed techniques because of the simple fact that weapons are deadlier. Even today most Filipino
fighting arts remain weapon-based.

Malays from Indonesia
Indonesia

Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia comprises 17,508 islands. With a
population of around 238 million people, it is the world's fourth most populous country, and has the world's largest population of Muslims.
Indonesia is a...

Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total
landmass of . The country is separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo are theorized to
have made three separate mass migrations to the Philippines

Philippines

The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north
across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam and brought with them the influence of silat.

Silat

Silat Melayu is a blanket term for the types of silat created in peninsular Southeast Asia, particularly Malaysia, Thailand, Brunei and Singapore.
The silat tradition has deep roots in Malay culture and can trace its origin to the dawn of Malay civilization, 2000 years ago to the south. Early
settlers and traders from China.

China

China is seen variously as an ancient civilization extending over a large area in East Asia, a nation and/or a multinational entity.China is one of
the world's oldest continuous civilizations also had a large impact on the local fighting techniques and certain Filipino styles contain
characteristically Chinese movements. Additionally, the migrants practiced localized Chinese martial arts

Chinese martial arts

Chinese martial arts, also referred to by the Mandarin Chinese term wushu and popularly as kung fu , are a number of fighting styles that have
developed over the centuries in China. These fighting styles are often classified according to common traits, identified as "families" , "sects" or
which they called kuntaw

Kuntao

Kuntao is a Hokkien term for martial arts created by the Chinese community of Southeast Asia, particularly the Malay Archipelago. Literally
meaning "way of the fist", the word kuntao more accurately translates as fighting art.  These Malay and Chinese settlers are considered
progenitors of the classical Filipino combat methods.

The first western account of Filipino martial arts comes from the 16th century from the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Pigafetta was an Italian scholar and traveller from the Republic of Venice. He travelled with the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan
and his crew on their voyage to the Indies. During the expedition, he became a strict assistant of Magellan and kept an accurate journal which
later who chronicled Ferdinand Magellan.

Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in Sabrosa, in northern Portugal, but later obtained Spanish nationality in order to
serve King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the "Spice Islands" .Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 became the first
expedition to sails expedition (and last stand) where they were routed by the men of local chieftain Lapu Lapu who used spears, swords and
wooden shields.

Decades after Magellan's contact, Spaniards returned
Miguel López de Legazpi

Miguel López de Legazpi , also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo , was a Spanish conquistador who established one of the first European
settlements in the East Indies and the Pacific Islands in 1565 to what is now known as the Philippine islands and conquered it through superior
technology (guns), religion, alliances and by exploiting local enmities and rivalries by setting the different tribes and kingdoms against one
another divide and rule
In politics and sociology, divide and rule is a combination of political, military and economic strategy of gaining and maintaining power by
breaking up larger concentrations of power into chunks that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy.

For more than three hundred years Spain had control over much of the Philippines. The European regime often enforced royal laws and
decrees limiting and prohibiting weapons among the indigenous people. These restrictions were partly responsible for the secretive and
underground nature of Filipino martial arts. During this period of colonization, fighters trained in secret and only passed down skills to family
members. It was this isolation between the practitioners that gave birth to the vast number of Filipino fighting styles that exist today. Despite their
prohibitions, Spaniards often employed Filipino warriors to fight in various battles and skirmishes such as the ferocious Macabebes of Pampanga

Pampanga

Pampanga is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. Pampanga is
bordered by the provinces of Bataan and Zambales to the west, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija to the north, and Bulacan to the southeast...

As bladed weapons (tools specifically made for war like swords

Swords

A sword is a cutting/thrusting weapon made of metal. Sword or swords may also refer to:* Swords, County Dublin, Ireland* Suit of swords, a suit
in Latin-suited playing cards and Tarot decks* SWORDS, a ground-based military robot as opposed to farming implements like the bolo

Bolo knife

A bolo is a large cutting tool similar to the machete, used particularly in the jungles of Indonesia, the Philippines, and in the sugar fields of Cuba
were eliminated by the Spaniards from the areas of populace they "civilized", fighters hid their fighting systems into stick dances such as the
Sakuting in Luzon and Moro-moro stage plays where they engaged in mock battles with wooden swords and a unique and highly complex form of
stick fighting developed and emerged.

After independence, martial arts in the Philippines could be practiced publicly and freely influenced each other. Modern styles use weapons and
techniques taken from numeorus sources especially silat

Silat

Silat Melayu is a blanket term for the types of silat created in peninsular Southeast Asia, particularly Malaysia, Thailand, Brunei and Singapore.
The silat tradition has deep roots in Malay culture and can trace its origin to the dawn of Malay civilization, 2000 years ago.

Karate is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan. It was developed from indigenous fighting methods called
and Chinese kenpō. Karate is a striking art using punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes, and open-handed techniques such as knife-hands .
Grappling, locks.

There are three umbrella terms for the most commonly seen forms are Eskrima
Eskrima
Eskrima, Arnis and Kali refer to a class of Filipino martial arts that emphasize weapon-based fighting with sticks, blades and improvised weapons.
Although training starts with weapons, empty hand techniques, trapping and limb destruction are also core parts of these arts as the weapon is...

Arnis and Kali.

The word Eskrima derives from the Spanish term esgrima which means skirmish or fencing.

Arnis comes from arnes, old Spanish for harness or armor (harness is also an archaic English term for armor with the same roots), which is what
the costumes worn during Moro-moro (Moros y Cristianos) stage plays were called when practitioners disguised their art as merely stage fight
choreography for public entertainment under the Spaniards' noses.

The origins of the word kali are uncertain. One theory is that it may come from the Indonesian word tjakalele., another is that it's a contraction of
Kamot Lihok (Cebuano for hand-body movement) The multitude of languages spoken in the 7,107 islands have not only diverged into over 170
dialects, but they have been constantly mixing with one another and as a result, Filipino martial arts comprise a vocabulary of heterogeneous
terms.

Eskrima, Arnis and Kali are used interchangeably for weapon-based martial arts, particularly those that focus on bladed weapons or stick-
fighting. Panantukan

Panantukan is the boxing component of Filipino martial arts, and is known in the Visayas as pangamot. It consists of upper-body striking
techniques such as punches, elbows, head-butts and shoulder strikes...

pangamut and pamuok all refer to empty-handed striking methods, while pantadyakan and pananjakman

Pananjakman
Pananjakman is a component of eskrima which focuses on low-line kicks. Some claim that pananjakman is an art in and of itself but this
separation was probably made for the purpose of marketing the art as a new system...

Dumog

Dumog is the Filipino style of wrestling while standing upright and refers to the grappling aspect of Filipino martial arts. The word dumog is most
commonly-used in Mindanao and the Visayas, while the word buno is used in Luzon, specifically in the Southern Tagalog-speaking provinces as
far south...

or wrestling is considered one of the oldest unarmed Filipino fighting styles.

Aside from the more commonly seen blade and stick-oriented arts Escrima/Arnis/Kali, there are also distinctly separate arts such as Kuntao

Kuntao is a Hokkien term for martial arts created by the Chinese community of Southeast Asia, particularly the Malay Archipelago. Literally
meaning "way of the fist", the word kuntao more accurately translates as fighting art...

which came from the Chinese settlers/traders, Silat

Silat Melayu is a blanket term for the types of silat created in peninsular Southeast Asia, particularly Malaysia, Thailand, Brunei and Singapore.
The silat tradition has deep roots in Malay culture and can trace its origin to the dawn of Malay civilization, 2000 years ago...

practiced in the South, next to Indonesia

Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia comprises 17,508 islands. With a
population of around 238 million people, it is the world's fourth most populous country, and has the world's largest population of Muslims.
Indonesia is a...

Sikaran

Sikaran is a distinct Filipino Martial Art focused heavily on foot fighting and played as a game by farmers inside circular arenas in the middle of
rice fields....

(practiced in Rizal province, which is primarily kick-based) and Yaw-Yan

Yaw-Yan, also called Sayaw ng Kamatayan or "Dance of Death" is a Filipino martial art developed by Napoleon Fernandez. It is a form of
kickboxing resembling Muay Thai but differs in the hip-torquing motion as well as the downward-cutting nature of its kicks, Yaw-yan also differs
from Muay Thai...

a recent style very similar to Muay Thai

Muay Thai is a hard martial art from Thailand. It is similar to other Indochinese styles of kickboxing, namely pradal serey from Cambodia, tomoi
from Malaysia, lethwei from Myanmar and Muay Lao from Laos. Descended from muay boran, Muay Thai is Thailand's national sport.The word
muay derives from...

Weapons

Filipino martial artists are noted for their ability to fight with weapons or empty hands interchangeably and their ability turn ordinary household
items into lethal weapons. Weapons-training takes precedence because they give an edge in real fights, gears students to psychologically face
armed opponents, and any object that can be picked up can be used as a weapon using FMA techniques. Empty hands training is then taught
as the stick is merely an extension of the hand.

Another thing to note is that the Philippines is a blade culture. The Southern Philippines with the Moros were never really conquered by the
Spaniards and the Americans nor the Northern mountains
Cordillera Administrative Region
The Cordillera Administrative Region is the Philippines' only land-locked region. It is consisted of the provinces of Abra, Apayao, Benguet,
Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province and Baguio City . The Cordillera region encompasses most of the areas within the Cordillera Central
mountain range of Luzon with their feared headhunter tribes.

Igorot

Coldillerans are the people of the Cordillera region, in the Philippines island of Luzon. The Igorot form two subgroups: the larger group lives in
the south, central and western areas, and is very adept at rice-terrace farming; the smaller group lives in the east and north so they kept their
weapons and their fighting skills. For the more "civilized" provinces and the towns where citizens had been "disarmed", bolos.

Bolo knife

A bolo is a large cutting tool similar to the machete, used particularly in the jungles of Indonesia, the Philippines, and in the sugar fields of Cuba
a cutting tool similar to the machete.

Machete

The machete is a large cleaver-like cutting tool. The blade is typically long and usually under thick. In the English language, an equivalent term
is matchet, though the name 'machete' is more commonly known and other knife variants are still commonly used for general work farming in the
provinces, chopping wood, coconuts, controlling talahib sword grass

Sword grass

Sword grass is a name used for some species of grasses with blades that are sharp enough to cut human skin. This is because they contain
many silica phytoliths, a hardening material in many plants. The sharp blades help to discourage herbivores from grazing, protecting the grasses
around it as well which could grow higher than roofs if not cut, etc.) and of course, the occasional bloody fight. Until the 80s, balisong.

Balisong (knife)

A Balisong, otherwise known as a butterfly knife or fan knife, is a folding pocket knife with two handles counter-rotating around the tang such
that, when closed, the blade is concealed within grooves in the handles. It is sometimes called a Batangas knife. In the hands of a trained user,
the knife...

knives were still commonly used in the streets of Manila as general purpose pocket knives much like Swiss army knives or box cutters until new
laws on allowable kinds of knives made it illegal to carry them in public without a permit or proof that it was a vital to one's livelihood (e.g. Martial
arts instructor, vendor). They're still openly sold in their birthplace of Batangas

Batangas

Batangas is one of the most popular tourist destinations near Metro Manila. The province has many beaches and famous for excellent diving
spots only a few hours away from Manila in the streets of Quiapo

Quiapo, Manila

Quiapo is a district of Manila, Philippines, also referred to as the "old downtown." It is known for its cheap prices on items ranging from
electronics, bicycles to native handicrafts souvenir shops and martial arts stores, wielded by practitioners and of course, street gangs. Thus,
even when fighting systems were outlawed by the Spaniards, Filipinos still maintained their centuries-old relationships with blades and blade
fighting techniques that survive from ancient times and are still much alive as they have been adapted and evolved to stay relevant and practical
in colonial.

Traditional weaponry varies in design, size, weight, materials and usage but because of the similarity of techniques and that the human being
can move in only so many ways, any object that can be picked up can be turned into a weapon by a Filipino martial artist as a force multiplier.
Unarmed

* Mano Mano

 Mano Mano is the empty-hand component of Filipino martial arts, particularly eskrima. The term translates as "hands" or "hand to hand" and
comes from the Spanish word mano . It is known as panantukan in Luzon and pangamot in the Visayas. American colonists referred to it as
"combat judo".Mano mano...   :(lit. hands to hand) Incorporates punches, kicks, elbows, knees, finger-strikes, locks, blocks, grappling and
disarming techniques

* Sikaran

 Sikaran is a distinct Filipino Martial Art focused heavily on foot fighting and played as a game by farmers inside circular arenas in the middle of
rice fields....  Kicking techniques, also a kick-based separate art practiced in Rizal province

* Dumog
 
 Dumog is the Filipino style of wrestling while standing upright and refers to the grappling aspect of Filipino martial arts. The word dumog is most
commonly-used in Mindanao and the Visayas, while the word buno is used in Luzon, specifically in the Southern Tagalog-speaking provinces as
far south...

 and Buno

 Buno is a system of Filipino wrestling like Dumog.There are various Buno styles, one of which is Harimaw Buno.Harimaw Buno, formerly
Harimaw Lumad , is a style of Buno used by the Mangyans of Mindoro and the Aetas of Infanta, Quezon....

 : styles of grappling/wrestling

IMPACT WEAPON

* Baston / Olisi: Short sticks, traditionally crafted from rattan
 Rattan
 Rattan is the name for the roughly 600 species of palms in the tribe Calameae, native to tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Australasia.-
Structure :...

 or kamagong
 Kamagong
 Kamagong or "Mabolo" is a fruit tree found only in the Philippines, the wood of which is extremely dense and hard, and famous for its dark
color. It belongs to the ebony family , and like many other very hard woods is sometimes called "iron wood" so called because its wood is iron-like
and nearly...

* Bangkaw / Tongat: Staff, rod or pole
* Dulo-Dulo: Palmstick
* Tameng: Shield
* Improvised weapons: pens, keychains, keys (push knife grip), umbrellas, rolled-up newspapers/magazines, walking sticks, etc.


Edged Weapon

* Daga/Cuchillo: Spanish for dagger or knife. Traditional varieties include the gunong

 Gunong: An antique gunong from Mindanao.The gunong is a knife from Mindanao, the Philippines. It is essentially a diminutive form of the
larger kalis or kris. The gunong serves both as a utility knife and as a thrusting weapon used for close quarter fighting - usually as a last
defense...


 Punyal:  |An antique punyal de kris from Mindanao.The punyal is a small knife used as both tool and weapon by the Maranao people of the
Philippines. Designs of the knife vary; some are straight, while others are wavy, resembling a small kris...

 Barong (knife): The barong is a thick, leaf-shaped, single-edged blade sword. It is a weapon used by Islamic tribes in Occupied Bangsamoro
South Philippines.- Description :-Blade:...

* Balisong (knife): A Balisong, otherwise known as a butterfly knife or fan knife, is a folding pocket knife with two handles counter-rotating around
the tang such that, when closed, the blade is concealed within grooves in the handles. It is sometimes called a Batangas knife. In the hands of a
trained user, the knife...

* Karambit: Small blade shaped like a tiger:   The tiger , a member of the Felidae family, is the largest of the four "big cats" in the genus
Panthera. Native to much of eastern and southern Asia, the tiger is an apex predator and an obligate carnivore...

* Espada: Spanish for sword. Includes kampilan;   The Kampilan is a type of Muslim single-edged long sword from the Philippines, widely used
throughout the archipelago. In the predominantly Muslim southern Philippines, whereas the Tausug of Sulu favored the barung, the
Maguindanao and the Maranao of mainland Mindanao preferred to use the...ginunting, pinuti and talibong

* Kalis:     A kalis is a type of double-edged Filipino sword, often with a "wavy" section, similar to a keris. Unlike the keris, the Kalis's double-
edged blade can be used for both cutting and thrusting....

 : Poison-bladed dagger, also known as kris:  The kris or keris is an asymmetrical dagger indigenous to Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore,
Thailand and Brunei. It is known as kalis in the southern Philippines. The kris is famous for its distinctive wavy blade, but many have straight
blades as well...

* Golok:   |Golok copying the Martindale No 2 designThe golok is a type of machete or broadsword originating in Southeast Asia. The word golok
is of Indonesian origin but is also used in Malaysia and is known as gulok in the Philippines...

 : Machete or broadsword

* Sibat:   Spearheads used by Filipino tribes.A sibat is a staff or spear used as a weapon or tool by natives of the Philippines. It also called
bangkaw, sumbling or palupad in the island of Negros. Sibat are typically made from rattan, either with a sharpened tip or a head made from
metal....

 : Spear
* Sundang: Single-edged thick short sword
* Lagaraw: Single-edged flexible long sword with a bent tip


Flexible

* Latigo

 Latigo was a comic strip written and drawn by cartoonist Stan Lynde, who also created the Rick O'Shay comic strip.The daily Latigo strip began
25 June 1979. The Sunday strip, in a half-page format, began 1 July 1979.-Characters and story:...

 : Whip
* Buntot Pagi:   Buntot pagi or Sting ray tail is a type of Filipino whip like weapon. Famous weapon in fighting and warding off aswangs and its
like. In actual combat a Buntot Pagi is often used with a balaraw or a short knife or sword....

* Lubid: Rope

* Sarong:   A sarong or sarung is a large tube or length of fabric, often wrapped around the waist and worn as a kilt by men and as a skirt by
women throughout much of South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Horn of Africa, and on many Pacific islands...

* Cadena / Tanikala: Chain
* Tabak-Toyok:    The Tabak-Toyok is a Filipino weapon closely related to the Okinawan nunchaku. The primary difference between the Filipino
version and other versions of the weapon is that the Tabak-Toyok tends to have shorter handles as well as a longer chain. Each handle is
approximately four inches long. The...

 : Two sticks attached together by rope or chain, similar to nunchaku:    are a traditional Okinawan weapon consisting of two sticks connected at
their ends with a short chain or rope.-Etymology:The Japanese word nunchaku is generally believed to derive from the Japanese pronunciation
of the Chinese term for two section staff...

Projectile

* Pana: Bow and arrow
* Sibat: Spear
* Sumpit: Blowpipe
* Bagakay: Darts
* Tirador/Pintik/Saltik: Slingshot
* Kana (as in Indian Pana Kakana-kana/kakanain kita): Darts propelled by slingshots used by street gangs
* Lantaka: kerosene-propelled bamboo cannon


Signs and symbols

The triangle is one of the strongest geometrical structures and stands for strength. Many training halls incorporate the triangle into their logo. It
represents numerous underlying philosophical, theoretical and metaphysical principles in the Filipino martial arts. Applications of the triangle are
found in defensive and offensive tactical strategies, including footwork, stances, blocking and disarms.

During training, non-verbal gesture communication and recognition is used in teaching and identification. This sign language, utilizing hand,
body, and weapons signals, is used to convey ideas, desires, information, or commands.
Basic tactical ranges

The three combat ranges in the Filipino martial arts are corto (close-range), medio (medium-range) and largo (long-range).

* Hakbang: general term for footwork
* Corto Mano: close range, short movements, minimal extension of arms, legs and weapons, cutting distance
* Serrada: "split step", short range footwork, quick, split action, front and back, low stance. Serrada footwork is the base of a triangular
framework methodology
* Largo Mano: long range, extended movements, full extension of arms, legs and weapons, creating distance
* Fraile: short range footwork, hopping action, balanced position, short hop, pushing off from the lead foot
* Ritriada: short range footwork, shuffling action, pushing backward by pushing off the lead foot, giving six to eight inches of range per action.
* Banda y banda: side to side action


Basic tactical methods

Filipino martial arts contain a wide range of tactical concepts, both armed and unarmed. Each art includes several of the methods listed below.
Some of these concepts have been taken in isolation to serve as the foundation for entire fighting systems in themselves.

* Solo baston
 Solo baston
 In the Filipino martial art Eskrima, solo baston, and less frequently solo olisi, are common names for a group of techniques involving a single
stick....

  - single stick
* Doble Baston
 Doble baston
 In the Filipino martial art Eskrima, doble baston, and less frequently doble olisi, are common names for a group of techniques involving two
sticks. The art is more commonly known around the world as Sinawali meaning to weave...

  - double stick
* Bati-Bati - butt of stick methods
* Dulo-Dulo/Dulo y Dulo - palm stick methods
* Bantay-Kamay, Tapi-Tapi - "guardian hand" or "alive hand", auxiliary weapon used in conjunction with the primary weapon for checking,
blocking, monitoring, trapping, locking, disarming, striking, cutting, etc. Examples include the empty hand when using a single stick or the dagger
when fighting with sword and dagger

* Mano Mano
 Mano Mano
 Mano Mano is the empty-hand component of Filipino martial arts, particularly eskrima. The term translates as "hands" or "hand to hand" and
comes from the Spanish word mano . It is known as panantukan in Luzon and pangamot in the Visayas. American colonists referred to it as
"combat judo".Mano mano...

pangamut
 Pangamut
 Pangamut or pangamot is a Filipino martial art term as taught by Dan Inosanto, Kevin B. Smith, and many others.It is a word that refers to a
person's comprehensive skill in combat arts, particularly in empty-handed Filipino martial arts, with respect to his or her abilities in panantukan ,
dumog,...

pamuok  - empty hands

* Baraw
 Baraw
 Baraw is a Cebuano term used in the Filipino martial art of Eskrima / Arnis that means knife or dagger. The term Baraw is more commonly used
on the Cebu Island in the Visayan region where as other islands and regions more commonly use the term Daga but both terms are often
interchangeable within...

  - knife and dagger
* Mano y Daga - hand and dagger
* Baston y Daga - stick and dagger

* Daga y Daga - pair of daggers
* Espada y Daga
 Espada y daga
 Espada y Daga " is a modern discipline of Eskrima and the Filipino martial arts believed to be influenced by Spanish swordsmanship, in
particular the Spanish style of Side-sword and Dagger used by the Conquistadores who invaded the Philippine islands in the 16th century, and
not the Rapier and...

  - sword and dagger
* Latigo y Daga
 Latigo y Daga
 Latigo y Daga is aFilipino martial art which focuses on the use of flexible weapons,particularly whips. It combines elements from a number of
martial arts found inMalaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia....

  - whip and dagger
* Tapon-Tapon - hand thrown knives and weapons tactics


* Numerado - striking and blocking by the numbers, refers to the most basic strikes and angles
* Cinco Teros
 Cinco Teros
 Cinco Teros refers to the five most basic strikes in eskrima, which is a class of Filipino martial arts that emphasizes staff and sword fighting....

  - five strikes, refers to the five most basic strikes and counters
* Doblete - two-weapon blocking and countering method of doubles
* Sinawali
 Sinawali
 The term "Sinawali" refers to the activity of ‘weaving’, and is applied to the art of Philippine martial art Eskrima with reference to a set of two-
person, two-weapon exercises....

  - "weaving"; rhythmic, flowing, striking patterns and tactics, utilizing two impact or edged weapons.
* Redonda
 Redonda
 Redonda is a very small, uninhabited Caribbean island or islet which is politically a part of the nation of Antigua and Barbuda, in the Leeward
Islands, West Indies....

  - circular double-stick vertical downward pattern of six strikes
* Ocho ocho - repeating pattern, strikes and tactics, such as the figure-eight. This also refers to a dance move.
* Palis Palis - meeting force with force
* Abaniko
 Abaniko
 An abaniko is a type of hand-held fan that originated from the Philippines. The abaniko, together with the baro't saya, was once a part of a
lady's attire. Various ways of using and holding the abaniko may convey different meanings...

  - fanning techniques
* Witik - whipping, snapping back or picking movements
* Lobtik - follow-through strikes; horizontal, vertical, diagonal methods
* Crossada - cross blocking methods, hands and weapons

* Gunting
 Gunting
 Gunting, means scissors in Filipino, Malaysian and Indonesian and is the component of Kali, Arnis and Eskrima that focuses on destroying the
opponents ability to wield their weapon...

  - "scissors"; armed and unarmed scissoring techniques aimed at disabling an opponent's arm or hand
* Lock and block - dynamic countering, attacks based on the striking and blocking methods of the system
* Free flow - live interaction and play, flowing practice, rapid, rhythmic, weapons tactics
* Kadena De Mano - chain of hands, close quarters, continuous, empty-handed combat
* Hubud Lubud - to tie and untie, continuous trapping methods
* Trankada - joint locking and breaking techniques

* Kino mutai
 Kino mutai
 Kino mutai is a specialized sub-section of some Filipino martial arts that emphasizes biting and also covers eye-gouging. It involves extensive
use of grappling, so as to allow the practitioner to control the opponent while applying the techniques.The biting aspect of kino mutai concerns
itself...

  - a sub-section of pangamut that specializes in biting and eye-gouges
* Panganaw - disarming techniques
* Panantukan
 Panantukan
 Panantukan is the boxing component of Filipino martial arts, and is known in the Visayas as pangamot. It consists of upper-body striking
techniques such as punches, elbows, head-butts and shoulder strikes...

Panuntukan - kickboxing method
* Pananjakman
 Pananjakman
 Pananjakman is a component of eskrima which focuses on low-line kicks. Some claim that pananjakman is an art in and of itself but this
separation was probably made for the purpose of marketing the art as a new system...

 , Sipat - low kicks (heel impact point)
* Suntukan - empty-hand striking (usually with closed fist)

* Dumog
 Dumog
 Dumog is the Filipino style of wrestling while standing upright and refers to the grappling aspect of Filipino martial arts. The word dumog is most
commonly-used in Mindanao and the Visayas, while the word buno is used in Luzon, specifically in the Southern Tagalog-speaking provinces as
far south...

  - wrestling or grappling methods with an emphasis on disabling or controlling the opponent by manipulation of the head and neck. This also
refers directly to a wresting competition on muddy ground.
* Tigbas - slashing and cutting stroke
* Dunggab - stealthy stabbing stroke


Esoteric practices

* Agimat
 Agimat
 Agimat or bertud or anting-anting, is a Filipino word for amulet or charm. Although stereotyped as a cross, a flat, round or triangular golden
pendant accompanying a necklace or a necklace-like item, it is also depicted as an enchanted stone that came from the sky or from the heart of
a banana...

 : An eskrimador's amulet worn to protect against misfortune and increase the chance of victory. Also known as habak or anting-anting

* Albularyo
 Albularyo
 Albularyo , sometimes spelled albulario, is a Tagalog term for a folk healer or medicine men.-Etymology and Alternative Names:The word
arbularyo derives from herbolario, a Spanish word meaning herbalist....

 : A shaman who carries out the initiation ceremony and treats injuries
* Hilot
 Hilot
 Hilot is an ancient Filipino art of healing, commonly used today to relax stressed muscles. Manghihilots as well as arbularyos are usually
cheaper alternatives to medical doctors in the Philippines, especially in very deep rural areas...

 : A traditional system of herbalism, massage and first-aid that was traditionally taught alongside martial arts
* Kulam
 Kulam
 Kulam is a Tagalog word meaning "magic spell or "curse"." Often, the same word is used as a term for witchcraft.-Usage and Related Terms:
Kulam is actually a Tagalog noun which literally means bewitchment or hex....

 : Witchcraft or spell-rituals carried out by witch-doctors. Also known as barang in Visayas.
* Oracion: Special prayers, incantations or mantra
 Mantra

 For secular and business interpretation, see Motto.A mantra is a sound, syllable, word, or group of words that are considered capable of
"creating transformation"...       that may be recited before battle as a protective armor. This is also used for driving out or summoning spiritual
entities.
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